The population movement towards Rock Hill generates a series of difficulties which are called: poverty, unemployment, insalubrity and deficits of all kinds.
These difficulties are all challenges that the authorities must meet by taking taking into account public health and environmental issues. The definition a waste management policy is therefore not so simple; it must take into account many parameters such as the administrative structures of the city, the demographic data, access conditions for waste removal, urban equipment and the financial resources of households and local communities, etc.
Faced with this complexity, it is easy to understand that certain gears and vicious circles can appear. Analysis of the situation in terms of waste collection using bin rental in Rock Hill and management in nearby counties revealed a series of critical situations encountered here and there.
Let us underline from the outset that they should not be the subject of a generalization which would obscure the progress observed in this matter in many villages, urban districts or counties.
• Food safety laws and regulations are poor and disparate.
• Legislation exists but is not adapted to the situation in the country (transposition laws).
• Well-thought-out strategies are enacted at the national level but the follow-up and actions are slow to take place.
• State regulations exist but the municipality does not receive, or can afford (cannot withhold tax), the financial means to organize and control the collection.
• In the field, it is difficult to distinguish the hierarchical structure between authority responsible for waste management, collection operator, controller, citizen. Each blames the other for the malfunctioning of the system.
• The waste is collected but discharged further without precaution or authorization: the collector does not fulfill the mission for which he is paid or his mission is not well defined due to a lack of dedicated land for the depot ultimate garbage.
• The collection rate does not always exceed 50%, or even less than 30%. The low-income neighborhoods, where the consequences of not collecting waste are the most serious, are the least served due to lack of access (urbanization not structured) or safety for the operator and his equipment.
• Adequate or too sophisticated equipment has been bequeathed by foreign cooperation bodies but the operators do not or no longer have the means of maintaining them or purchasing spare parts.
• The dumpster trucks used to collect waste are not always equipped with a compaction system or nets and, during transport, part of the waste escapes from the dumpster.
• Neighborhood containers are poorly suited to children and women who are frequently responsible for bringing waste there.
• The rate of tax collection for waste management is insufficient, or even does not exceed 40% in middle and upper income neighborhoods.
• In neglected neighborhoods, it is frequently observed that the garbage not collected pile up, or even are dumped by local collectors, in waste land in the city, in gutters, gullies or are sometimes incinerated in the evening, creating health and environmental problems. That can not access to these neighborhoods, the authorities also do not organize a well-defined transfer for garbage or do not provide care of this garbage to ultimate landfill.
• The land affected by the dumping of waste is the most easily flooded or subject to rapid contamination of groundwater and wells catchment.
• The spreading of waste in crop fields located on the outskirts of cities is also a common way of disposing of solid waste. the owner of these fields finds organic matter at a good price but does not does not take care of the inorganic fraction (plastics, etc.) which disperses in the wind or contaminate the basement.
• In towns and districts where there is an accelerated increase in the population (up to 4% annually, especially under the influence of rural exodus), road infrastructure and sewage disposal do not are not sufficiently dimensioned or are constructed before installation of households (anarchic urbanization).
• On the outskirts, some situations avoid: dismantling a truck that cannot be repaired on site; dumps of waste in ravines, land waves, etc; a pile of plastics blown away by the wind or heavy rains.
• Some companies get rid of annoying residues depending on the occasion or the economy by mixing them with household garbage or by dumping them anarchically outside the city.
• Hospital waste is placed with household waste in bins collected by operators without any means of monitoring or control.